(Squalene+Vitamin E)

Increases the levels of Squalene
and vitamin E in Human sebum,
Stratum corneum and skin surface.


1. The unique natural skin protecting agents , squalene and vitamin E, protect human skin by acting as functional filter to remove the harmful effectof UV-A and UV-B radiation.
The possible role of squalene and its peroxide of the occurrence of sunburn and protection from the damage caused by U.V. irradiation. – J Toxicol Sci. 1984; 9(2):151-9.

2. Powerful moisturizing agent that prevents trans epidermal water loss-preventing the formation of dry, chapped and wrinkled skin.

Pharmacological activity of natural lipids on a skin barrier disruption model – Pharmacol Res. 2000 Jul; 42(1):55-9.

3. Enhances collagen synthesis and provides more youthful and radiant skin

High-dose squalene ingestion increases type I procollagen and decreases ultraviolet-induced DNA damage in human skin in vivo ---Clin Exp Dermatol. 2009 Jun; 34(4):500-8

4. Prevents the formation of ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species) on skin surface that cause skin aging, skin disorders, immune suppression and skin cancer.

Kinetic study of quenching reaction of singlet oxygen and scavenging reaction of free radical by squanlene in n-butanol ---Biochim Biophys Acta.1995 Apr 28; 1256(1):52-6.

5. Functions as an efficient quencher of singlet oxygen and prevents corresponding lipid peroxidation on human skin surface0

Lipophilic antioxidants in human sebum and aging. – Free Radic Res. 2002 Apr; 36(4):471-7.

6. Enhances and restores the natural anti fungal and bacteriocidal activity of human skin

Biochemical and physiological parameters on the healthy skin surface of patients with common warts. – Dermatological. 1976; 152(3):152-7

7. Restores the necessary anti oxidant action on skin surface

The role of vitamin E in normal and damaged skin. –J Mol Med (Berl).1995 Jan; 73(1):7-17.
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